There is are no rules when it comes to choosing the size of your rug for a space, but I have given you some guidance based on experience.

When considering what size rug you should choose, there are a few points you need to consider. A rug is a great way of defining a space within a much larger room, such as in modern open-plan layouts. There is often a size and proportion that just looks comfortable and 'right' in the room; when a rug is too small it appears lost and one that that's too large appears squeezed-in, making the room feel smaller. When there are doors that open into the space it is important to check that they will be able to will be able to open without coming into contact with the rug. If there is enough of a gap beneath the door (about 1.5 - 2cm) then the door can pass over the rug, but if not then either the rug should be placed out of the way.

Living Rooms are often the best location for a rug, and there are some simple considerations that will help to find the best size and shape. One common solution is to have a rug that sits within the furniture' in front of your sofa and chairs (Layout A). In this case the rug should be longer and wider than the adjacent pieces of furniture, and not too far from the seating.

Another common solution (shown in Layout B) in which the rug runs about half way under the furniture, so that the back legs are off but the front legs are on the rug. This layout generally works with sofa and chairs, and not with cupboards and tables that tend to appear unbalanced when placed half-on the rug. Side tables in particular need to be completely on or off the rug.

Another layout is to specify a rug large enough to include all the furniture (layout C) in which case sufficient extra space should be allowed around to ensure that the furniture does not appear 'perched' on the edge. 

The furniture around the perimeter of the room, such as sideboards and cupboards, are generally best left completely off the rug.

There are certain types of furniture that lend themselves to each of these three options. If the sofa or chair has separate legs and a gap under the seat then the rug will work particularly well running about half way underneath. If the sofa is very low to the ground, or has a valance, or has a modern single ‘rail’ type foot then it will probably need to be either completely on or off the rug.

In a Dining Room it is very often desirable to place a rug under the table, to deaden the sound in the room as well as to add colour, pattern and texture. Ideally the rug should be in proportion to the table, and larger than it so that there is sufficient space to pull out a chair and sit down without the back legs falling off the rug. The minimum that allows for this is about 75cm, so that the ideal size is generally at least 1.50m larger than the table in each direction.

As the centre of the rug will be mostly obscured by the table and chairs, the most important element of the design becomes the border.

High-Traffic Entry or Low-Traffic Dining rooms?

Hallways with high foot traffic need durable flooring, while bedrooms and dining rooms rugs are far less susceptible to heavy wear.

Flat Weave rugs | Flat weave wool rugs are usually reversible. Known for their bright colours and graphic patterns, they tend to be durable and easy to clean.

Hand tufted rugs | Tufting, a technique that involves inserting yarn through a woven base to create a pile, is common way to achieve precise patterns. The pile can be looped or cut, creating subtle textures in different material combinations.

Hand knotted rugs | Hand knotting is the most labour intensive rug-making technique. Master weavers tie individual knots to the warp yarns that make up the length of the rug. Together, these knots form the actual surface, or pile of the rug. In general, the more knots, the more durable and valuable the rug. And no two hand-knitted rugs are exactly the same.

What colour is your furniture? If your sofa is a block colour, add interest with pattern and colour, or visa versa.

Versatile Neutrals
A neutral rug forms a solid foundation when you want to layer on rich textures, patterns and colours. Think of it as a canvas for the rest of the room.

Playful patterns
If your furniture is a solid colour or neutral, try a patterned rug. For fool proof colour coordination, match the secondary colour in the rug to your sofa or key furniture piece in the room.

Solid Colours
A monochromatic rug complements patterned furniture by grounding it in the primary palette. In a living room, try matching the rug to the secondary colour in the patterned sofa.